SALTY SNOWMAN – Line, Colour, Texture

Students create colourful drawings of snowmen using glue, salt and watercolour paints as they explore the concepts of colour mixing and absorption.

Required Time

40 Minutes

Grade Level

Kindergarten to Grade 3

Subject

Language Arts
Science
Visual Arts

Vocabulary

absorbent colour line texture

Materials

Crayola Watercolour Paints Crayola White Glue Crayola Paint Brushes Crayola Marker & Watercolour Paper or Cardstock Paper - 22.9 cm x 30.5 cm (9" x 12") Table Salt

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Steps

SALTY SNOWMAN – Line, Colour, Texture - Step One

Step One

  1. Draw a snowman with Crayola white glue.
  2. Do not let the tip of the glue bottle touch the paper. 
  3. Make the lines nice and thick.
SALTY SNOWMAN – Line, Colour, Texture - Step Two

Step Two

  1. Pour lots of salt over the glue drawing.
  2. Make sure to cover all the glue.
SALTY SNOWMAN – Line, Colour, Texture - Step Three

Step Three

  1. Carefully shake the salt off the drawing and into a large container.
SALTY SNOWMAN – Line, Colour, Texture - Step Four

Step Four

  1. Use watercolours to paint your snowman.
  2. Lightly touch the surface of the wet salt/glue with the tip of your paintbrush.
  3. Notice how the colour spreads along the surface.
  4. The salt is absorbing the colour.

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  • create a picture of a snowman with glue and salt;
  • mix colours to make new colours;
  • work independently and self-regulate;
  • share their ideas with peers; 
  • demonstrate a sense of accomplishment.

Extensions

Have students:

  • explore watercolour paints and colour mixing using the Exploring Watercolour Paints lesson plan available on this website;
  • share their discoveries with their classmates.

Prepare

  1. Prior to this lesson have students explore absorption. Set up a centre with water basins, materials that will absorb water such as cotton balls, sponges, fabric, paper towel, wool, felt, coffee filters, and materials that do not absorb water such as plastic toys, Styrofoam, plastic bag, wax paper, aluminum foil, and crayons. Have students record which materials absorb water and which do not on a chart paper with 2 columns, one labelled ABSORBENT the other NONABSORBENT.
  2. Gather and make available a variety of books about colour mixing and snowmen, for example, Mix It Up, by Herve Tullet; Mouse Paint, by Ellen Stoll Walsh; Little Blue and Little Yellow, by Leo Lionni; A Color of His Own, by Leo Lionni; Mixed: A Colorful Story, by Arree Chung; The Biggest Snowman Ever, by Steven Kroll, and Jeni Bassett; The Itsy Bitsy Snowman, by Jeffrey Burton, and Sanja Rescek; and The Snowman, by Raymond Briggs.
  3. Download and display the Colour, Texture, and Line posters available on this website.
    - review or teach the element of colour – colour mixing
    - review or teach the element of texture – the way something feels, or looks as if it feels
    - review or teach the element of line – direction, width, texture
  4. Set up a centre with paper, glue, salt, a plastic container for the salt about 30.5 cm x 45 cm, small paint brushes, watercolour paints, water containers, paper towels.

Introduction

  1. Conduct a read-aloud with a book such as The Biggest Snowman Ever, by Steven Kroll, and Jeni Bassett focusing on how to build a snowman and how many parts it has.
  2. Demonstrate how to draw with glue.
  3. Invite several children to try squeezing the glue bottle and making a line with the glue.
  4. Introduce the challenge.

Activities

The Challenge

  1. Create a picture of a snowman with glue and salt.
  2. Mix colours to make new colours.
  3. Use your own ideas.
  4. Share your ideas with others.

The Process

  1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
  2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
    I know I am successful when I have:
    created a picture of a snowman
    - mixed colours to make new colours

    - used my own ideas
    - kept the paper in good condition 
  3. Guide your students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
  4. Observe students as they work.
  5.  Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

Sharing

  1. Gather students to view and discuss their pictures. Ask students to share:
    what they learned about mixing colours
    - what happened when the paint touched the salt
    - what they like best about their pictures
  2. Display all the pictures in the classroom.
  3. Encourage students to view the pictures and notice how they are the same and how they are different.

Assessment

  1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
  2. Observe students as they discuss their artworks – speaks with a clear voice, looks at audience while speaking, points to picture, provides accurate information, answers questions from the audience effectively.
  3. Observe students as they listen – looks at presenter, asks effective questions, supports ideas with evidence found in the artwork.
  4. Use a checklist to track progress. (Downloads - SaltySnowman_tracking.pdf)
  5. Have students use the self-assessment form to evaluate their work. (Downloads - SaltySnowman_self-assessment.pdf)