# MINI SOFA AND CHAIR – Form, Colour, Texture

Students use modeling clay pressed onto aluminum foil armatures to create a miniature sofa and chair suitable for use in dioramas and stop-motion animations.

100 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Visual Arts
Media Literacy
Director's Cut

#### Vocabulary

anthropomorphize armature colour complement cuboid form texture

#### Materials

Crayola Modeling Clay - Jumbo Pack Crayola Scissors Aluminum Foil Bamboo Skewers - 1 per student Toothpicks Rolling Pins Rulers

## Steps

### Step One

Sofa and chair suitable for a 10 cm (4") tall figure.

1. Scrunch a small piece of aluminum foil into a 2 cm x 2 cm x 10 cm cuboid for the sofa seat.
2. Scrunch a small piece of aluminum foil into a 2 cm x 2 cm x 3 cm cuboid for the chair seat.

### Step Two

SOFA

1. Use a piece of 16 cm x 28 cm aluminum foil.
2. Fold it in half long end to long end.
3. Fold it in half again long end to long end to make a strip 4 cm x 28 cm.
4. Fold that strip in half short end to short end to make a strip 4 cm x 14 cm.

CHAIR

1. Use a piece of 14 cm x 16 aluminum foil.
2. Fold it in half long end to long end.
3. Fold it in half again long end to long end to make a strip 4 cm x 14 cm.
4. Fold that strip in half short end to short end to make a strip 4 cm x 7 cm.

### Step Three

1. Roll a piece of clay smooth and flat.
2. Make it fairly thin.
3. Place the cuboid on the clay and use it to measure a 'T' shaped piece.
4. Make the length of the vertical part of the 'T' 4 times the width of the cuboid.
5. Make the length of the horizontal part of the 'T' 3 times the width of the cuboid.
6. Cut out the shape.

### Step Four

1. Roll a piece of clay smooth and flat.
2. Make it fairly thin.
3. Place the aluminum foil strip on the clay.
4. Use it to measure a piece that is as long as the foil strip and 2 times its width.
5. Cut out the shape.

### Step Five

CHAIR BACK

1. Fold the clay around the flat foil shape like a sandwich.
2. Press the edges together and smooth the surfaces.

CHAIR SEAT

1. Wrap the 'T' shaped clay around the cuboid.
2. Press the edges together and smooth the surfaces.

### Step Six

1. Press the seat to the back.
2. Wrap the shape around the sides of the cuboid to form the arms of the chair.
3. Press the edges together and smooth the surfaces.
4. Add decorative details and textures.
5. Follow the same process to make the sofa.

### Step Seven

Cushions and Pillows

1. Make a small ball and flatten it into a square pillow shape.
2. Press small indents in it with your fingers so it looks like a soft pillow.
3. Make a small ball of contrasting colour and flatten it with your fingers.
4. Use a bamboo skewer to press into the circle to make a fringe.
5. Flatten small pieces of modeling clay.
6. Use tiny cookie cutters or a skewer to cut out shapes.

### Step Eight

2. Choose colours and details in the sofa that complement the colours and details in the chair.
3. Add other items such as cushions, pillows and a rug.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

• create a small sofa and chair out of modeling clay;
• use contrast and texture to add interest to the furniture;
• write a story that features their furniture;
• use props to tell their story;
• demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity;
• express and support their opinions about the artworks.

## Extensions

Have students:

• work in teams to create a stop-motion video of their story;
• share their videos with another class.

## Prepare

1. Download and display the Colour, Texture and Form posters available on this website.
2. Download or bookmark several images of sofas from the Internet, for example,
Sofa 1
Sofa 2
Sofa 3
3. Review the characteristics of an effective story.
- hook at beginning
- main character who must achieve a goal
- problem to be solved
- satisfying solution
4. Provide time for students to write a short story about a topic that interests them that includes a sofa and chair as an important part of the story. Have them consider anthropomorphizing the sofa and chair as part of their story.

## Introduction

1. View several images of sofas and compare them – how they are the same and how they are different.
2. List the characteristics of the sofas on a chart paper.
3. Ask students to imagine the sofa in their own story – what should it look like and why.
- What words best describe your sofa?
- What is the most important feature of your sofa? Why?
- How can you make your sofa appear to be special?
- How does the chair relate to the sofa?
4. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Use modeling clay to create a small sofa.
2. Use modeling clay to create a small chair that complements the sofa.
3. Use colour and contrast to connect the sofa and chair visually.
4. Create texture that suggests fabric.
5. Add details that connect the sofa and chair to your story.
6. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.

### The Process

1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
I know I am successful when I have:
- used modeling clay to create a sturdy and carefully constructed sofa and chair
- created texture that suggests fabric
- used colour and contrast to connect the sofa and chair visually
- added details that connect the sofa and chair to my story
- kept the finished sofa and chair in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Observe students as they work.
5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Place students into small groups.
- Compare their work and describe to each other what they did to get certain effects.
- Give a brief synopsis of their story.

- Discuss how the characteristics of each sofa and chair fit the story they are part of, and what they see that makes them think that.
3. Share ideas with the whole class.
4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this activity and why.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
2. Observe students as they discuss their sofa and chair sets – speaks with a clear voice, looks at audience while speaking, holds furniture to the side, provides accurate information, answers questions from the audience effectively.
3. Observe students as they listen – looks at presenter, asks effective questions, supports ideas with evidence found in the artwork.