# INSPIRED BY KANDINSKY – Concentric Shapes, Colour

Students use oil pastels and watercolours to create geometric patterns in an art work inspired by Wassily Kandinsky.

120 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Visual Arts

#### Vocabulary

abstract art concentric geometric shapes pattern resist shape

#### Materials

Pencils Rulers White Paper 279mm x 432mm (11" x 17") Oil Pastels Watercolour Paints

## Steps

### Step One

1. Fold the paper in half, short end to short end.
2. Fold it in half again, short end to short end.
3. Open it up.
4. Fold it in half, long end to long end.
5. Open it up.
6. You should have 8 boxes.

### Step Two

1. Draw a small circle in the centre of one box.
2. Draw another slightly larger circle around it.
3. Draw another slightly larger circle around it.
4. You have drawn concentric circles.
5. Make a concentric square in the next box.
6. Make a pattern of concentric circles and concentric squares in the remaining boxes.

### Step Three

1. Use oil pastels to colour in the shapes. Only colour the shapes, not the space around the shapes.
2. Press hard so you get lots of oil pastel on the paper.

### Step Four

1. Use watercolours to paint the 8 boxes. Paint right over the oil pastel.
2. The oil pastels will resist the watercolour paints.

### Step Five

1. Look at your painting from a distance to see it with fresh eyes.
2. How does it make you feel?

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

1. Use crayon resist technique to create patterns with concentric geometric shapes;
2. Use colour expressively;
3. Explain their process; and
4. Express opinions about the works.

## Extensions

1. Use the crayon resist technique and shape tracers to create a set of small shape cards – one for each of 5 shapes. Have students find examples of the various shapes in their home – square tiles, round plates, for example, and record them on the back of the appropriate card. Provide time for students to share what they have found with each other.

## Prepare

1. Gather materials needed for this lesson.
Colour Study - Kandinsky
Kandinsky2
Kandinsky3
Kandinsky4
3. Gather and make available books about shape, for example, Icky Bug Shapes, by Jerry Pallotta; Shape by Shape, by Suse Macdonald; Captain Invincible and the Space Shapes, by Stuart Murphy (math start); A Circle Here, A Square There, by David Diehl.
4. Gather and make available books related to Kandinsky, for example, The Girl Who Heard Colors, by Marie Harris; The Noisy Paint Box: The Colors and Sounds of Kandinsky's Abstract Art, by Barb Rosenstock; Wassily Kandinsky, 1866-1944: The Journey to Abstraction, by Ulrike Becks-Malorny
Poster

## Introduction

1. Read one of the shape books and refer to the shape poster to introduce the idea of shapes to students.
2. Invite students to point out shapes they see in the classroom. Make 2 columns on the chart paper – one for geometric shapes and one for organic shapes. Record students' contributions on the chart paper making a small doodle drawing to represent the object along with the word for it.
3. Introduce Wassily Kandinsky. Read the The Noisy Paint Box, or share a few points about the artist.
- born in 1866
- Russian artist
- had a special gift called synaesthesia cognate - a condition that meant when he heard a sound he also saw a particular colour
- he used colours and shapes in his abstract paintings to express feelings and music
- he painted the first non objective painting called the First Abstract Watercolour, 1910
- he thought each shape created specific feelings – square caused calm feelings; triangle caused aggressive feelings; circle caused heavenly feelings.
4. View the painting, Colour Study, Squares with Concentric Circles, and discuss the shapes and colours Kandinsky used. Talk about how the painting makes students feel, and why.
5. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Use crayon resist technique to create patterns with concentric geometric shapes.
2. Use colour to express your feelings.
4. Express opinions about the works.

### The Process

1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students. For example,
- shapes are concentric
- colours show feelings
- paint resists the oil pastels
- paper in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps in this project.
4. Encourage them to share ideas and to learn from each other.
5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Once all the pictures are complete display them for a group discussion.
2. During the discussion include references to:
colours - How do the colours make you feel?
- expression - How do the colours contribute to the feelings you wanted to express?
- technique – How did you make sure the paint resisted the oil pastel? How does the way the paint is applied contribute to the emotions expressed in the picture?
3. Ask students to think of different ways they can use their art piece to demonstrate ideas they have learned in mathematics. For example,
- graphing – Create a class graph showing the number of circles and squares used in the class.
- creating addition questions  – Create a class chart with lots of student generated addition questions based on the art works, for example, number of times you used each colour; number of people who used more than 2 circles; etc.