# DRAW IN THE STYLE OF C.W. JEFFERYS – Line, Value, Pattern

Students use black fine line markers to explore the drawing technique of Canadian illustrator C. W. Jefferys.

80 Minutes

Art Techniques
Social Studies

#### Vocabulary

contrast line pattern style value

#### Materials

Crayola Fine Line Markers - Black Crayola Scissors Crayola Glue Sticks Rulers Pencils Photocopied Worksheets - 1 per student

## Steps

### Step One

1. Use the Draw in the Style of C.W. Jefferys worksheet. (Downloads - DrawStyleJefferys.pdf)
2. Look closely at the picture.
3. Notice how Jefferys repeats lines to create dark, medium and light values.
4. Find 7 different combinations of line patterns.
5. Choose some dark, some medium and some light values.
6. Use a black fine line marker to draw those patterns in the boxes above the picture.

### Step Two

1. Connect the lines along the outside of the picture to make 20 rectangles.
2. Cut the picture along the lines to make 20 pieces.

### Step Three

1. Glue half the rectangles on the paper in a checker box pattern.
2. Glue them so they match the picture OR in a random order so they are all mixed up.

### Step Four

1. Glue the pieces so they match the picture.
2. Use a black fine line marker to fill the white spaces with lines and patterns that connect with the lines and patterns on all 4 sides of the glued rectangles.

### Step Five

1. Glue the pieces in a random order so they are all mixed up.
2. Use a black fine line marker to fill the white spaces with lines and patterns that connect with the lines and patterns on all 4 sides of the glued rectangles.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

• use lines and patterns to create a variety of values;
• complete a drawing exercise using the style of C. W. Jefferys;
• demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.

## Extensions

Have students:

• research C. W. Jefferys and compare his illustrations with his fine art paintings;
• examine a variety of illustrations in picture books and compare them with the drawings of C. W. Jefferys;
• create a line drawing of someone they admire in the style of C.W. Jefferys;
• write a short story and illustrate it in the style of C. W. Jefferys;
• share their work with their peers.

## Prepare

1. Prior to this lesson have students complete the Analyze A Historical Image – C. W. Jefferys worksheet to learn about Jefferys and the image. (Downloads - AnalyzeHistoricalImage.pdf)
3. Download and display the Line, Pattern and Contrast posters available on this website.

## Introduction

1. View and discuss the worksheet image drawing attention to the different ways line, pattern, contrast and value have been used.
2. Use a black fine line marker to demonstrate how the pressure changes the overall effect of different techniques such as hatching and crosshatching, for example:
- the greater the pressure the thicker the lines
- the closer the lines are together the darker the value
3. Discuss how value can be used to create contrast and depth in a drawing.
4. Review information about C. W. Jefferys. For example, he:
- illustrated many history books dating from 1903-1950;
- taught drawing at the University of Toronto and the Ontario College of Art.;
- was an important painter;
- influenced members of the Group of Seven and other Canadian artists of the time with his paintings and ideas;
- is recognized for his work by people from around the world.
5. Explain that this lesson uses C. W. Jefferys as a mentor artist.
What can they learn from him?
6. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Use lines and patterns to create a variety of values.
2. Complete a drawing exercise using the style of C. W. Jefferys.
3. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.

### The Process

1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
I know I am successful when I have:
- cut and glued pieces of the picture carefully
- used line and pattern to create a variety of values from dark to light
- filled in the white spaces with lines and patterns that connect with the lines and patterns on all 4 sides of the rectangles
- completed the drawing exercise in the style of C. W. Jefferys
- kept my paper in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Remind students to notice the amount of pressure they use when drawing with the fine line marker.
5. Observe students as they work.
6. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Place students into small groups.
- compare their work and describe to each other how they might use different techniques in future drawings;
- explain what they learned from C. W. Jefferys by doing this exercise;

- talk about what was difficult and what was easy for them.
3. Share ideas with the whole class.
4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this project.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
2. Observe students as they discuss their work – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.