# CUT-OUT PAPER ANIMATION – Creating a Jointed Figure

Students use markers on cardstock paper to create small, jointed figures suitable for stop-motion animation.

80 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Visual Arts
Media Literacy
Director's Cut

#### Vocabulary

animation colour front view line profile shape stop-motion thumbnail sketch

#### Materials

Pipe Cleaners Small Hole Punch Scissors Cardstock Paper 11 cm x 14 cm Coloured Pencils Fine Line Markers

## Steps

### Step One

1. Start by making 4 thumbnail sketches of possible characters.

### Step Two

1. Choose the character you want to make.
2. Use a coloured pencil, or marker to outline separate parts of the figure.
3. Think about how you want the parts to move, for example,
- the arm can have 2 parts and bend at the elbow as well as the shoulder
- the arm can have 1 part and only bend at the shoulder
4. You will be joining the parts to each other with small pieces of pipe cleaner.

### Step Three

1. Draw the figure on a piece of 10 cm x 10 cm (4" x 4") cardstock paper.
2. Make sure the shapes are big enough for you to punch a small hole in each end for the fasteners.

### Step Four

1. Use markers to colour the figure and then cut it out.

### Step Five

1. Arrange the shapes in the order they will go when joined together.
2. Use a pencil to mark where you will make the holes for the fasteners.
3. Make sure the holes are placed far enough inside the shape so they will not tear.

### Step Six

1. Make small holes at each marked spot.
- use an extra small hole punch
- place the paper on a piece of heavy sponge and press the point of a compass through the spot
2. Join the pieces together using small pieces of pipe cleaner.

### Step Seven

1. Place two parts that you want to join face to face and line up the holes.
2. Thread a small piece of pipe cleaner through the holes.

### Step Eight

1. Open the paper shapes so that the pipe cleaner and the shapes are flat.

### Step Nine

1. Place the joined shapes face down on the table.
2. Fold each end of the pipe cleaner into the centre like a staple.
3. Test the joint to see if it will bend easily.

### Step Ten

1. Use the same process to make profile or front view figures.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

1. Create a jointed paper figure;
2. Use colour and line to add interest to the figure;
3. Demonstrate technical accomplishment;
4. Describe their process; and
5. Express opinions about the works.

## Extensions

Have students:

1. Practice using their figures to make them move in a short stop-motion animation.
2. Work in teams to create new figures and use them in a storytelling animation project connected with a topic they are studying in any subject area.

## Prepare

1. Pre-cut paper.
2. Download the Colour and Line posters poster available on this website.
Posters
3. Make a sample.
4. Make an enlarged sample of two pieces of cardstock paper with holes punched for demonstrating how to join the paper with pipe cleaners.
5. Get a hole punch that makes a small hole, or small pieces of thick sponge and compasses that can be used to make the holes.
6. Download or bookmark several paper cut-out animation videos from the Internet.
Paper Cut-Out Animation

## Introduction

1. View one or two of the videos and talk about what makes them interesting.
2. Ask students what they know about how the videos were made, and explain what stop-motion animation is.
3. Explain that they are going to learn how to make a jointed figure that can be used in a stop-motion animation.
4. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Create a jointed paper figure.
2. Use colour and line to add interest to the figure.
3. Demonstrate technical accomplishment.
5. Express opinions about the works.

### The Process

1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
I know I am successful when I have:
- created a jointed figure that stays together
- made joints that bend easily
- used lines and colour
- added details that make the figure interesting
- kept the paper in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Demonstrate how to join the pieces of paper with pipe cleaners when students are ready, either in small groups, or individually.
5. Observe students as they work.
6. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Place students into small groups.
- Compare their work and describe to each other what they did to get certain effects.
- Discuss the personalities of each figure and what they see that makes them think that.
- Talk about was difficult and what was easy for them.
3. Share ideas with the whole class.
4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this activity.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work  – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting
2. Observe students as they discuss the figures – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.